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Department of Dordogne (Périgueux)
Bergeracois: More than an appellation, it is a wine-growing region in the South-West. It has 13 AOCs spread over 12,800 ha. The main AOC are Bergerac red and Côtes de Bergerac red, whose wines are more full-bodied than the previous ones, Bergerac Rosé, Bergerac white which produces dry wines and Côtes de Bergerac white which produces a sweet wine. Then there are also 5 communal appellations:
Pécharmant: small wine region of 395 ha, located north of Bergerac, it is the oldest production area in the South West. The 46 wineries produce a unique round red wine from the Merlot grape, blended with Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon and Malbec.
Monbazillac: located on the left bank of the Dordogne, dominating the valley, this AOC is the most renowned of the Bergeracois, covering an area of 3,600 ha and producing a delicious sweet wine from Semillon, Muscadelle and Sauvignon Blanc grapes.
Saussignac: neighbouring Monbazillac, it also produces sweet wines from the same grape varieties, plus Chenin and Ondenc.
Montravel: located at the gates of the Gironde department, it extends over 3,200 ha. Here, red wines are elaborated from Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon and Malbec as well as dry white wines from Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle grapes. If the wines are made sweet, the AOC becomes Côtes de Montravel and if they are even more concentrated, they can take the appellation Haut-Montravel.
Rosette: it is a sweet white wine almost forgotten and which was revived in the 60s. Located north of Bergerac, this AOC has 28 ha of vineyards, which makes its wine rare and appreciated. This wine is made from Semilllon, Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle.
Duras: this discreet designation is located in Lot-et-Garonne, on the border of the Dordogne and the Gironde and extends along the border with its neighbours Bergerac and Bordeaux. It covers an area of 2,000 ha and produces red, white, rosé and sweet wines. The grape varieties used are the traditional Bordeaux varieties, Merlot (52%), Cabernet Sauvignon (27%), Cabernet Franc (20%) and Malbec (1%). The whites are mainly made from Sauvignon Blanc (67%), Semillon (27%), Muscadelle (4%) and more marginal are Mauzac Ondeen, Chenin and Ugni Blanc.
Côtes du Marmandais: in the extension of the Bordeaux vineyard, on the banks of the Garonne river, we find this appellation of about 2.000 ha. The right bank is mainly planted with Merlot on the slopes, while the left bank is dominated by Cabernets on the pebbly soils. Although red and rosé wines dominate the production, a small quantity of white wines is also marketed.